Children who have Dyslexia, Asperger’s, Syndrome and /or ADHD have Characteristics of a Visual Learner
What Is Dyslexia?
First, it is important to note that dyslexia is unrelated to intelligence and motivation to learn.
Dyslexia is a learning disability in which people have difficulties with language skills, especially reading, spelling, and writing. The causes are not clearly known. Dyslexia is classified as a learning disability primarily because it can prevent students from attaining academic success with typical classroom instruction.
Dyslexia often has negative impacts on students’ self-image. Some students are mistreated by their schoolmates because they have been labeled as “different,” and many also think that they are less intelligent or capable than they actually are. This can cause students to suffer tremendous stress and anguish and can lead to discouragement about continuing to persevere in schoolwork.
What Is Asperger’s Syndrome?
Asperger’s syndrome is a developmental disorder that is associated with autism. People with Asperger’s syndrome have difficulties communicating and interacting with others because they do not understand acceptable social conventions.
People with Asperger’s usually want to socialize with others, but they don’t know how to express emotions appropriately, which often leads to confusion, self-doubt, anxiety, and isolation. They tend to use inappropriate, repetitive gestures and avoid eye contact with others.
As with dyslexia, Asperger’s is not related to intelligence. In fact, most people who have Asperger’s have average or above-average IQs. Unlike those with dyslexia, however, those who have Asperger’s do not have problems with language skills.
What Is ADHD?
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that is characterized by symptoms grouped into three main categories: inattentiveness, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Most children who have ADHD exhibit all three categories of behavior; however, some children with ADHD are hyperactive and impulsive but are able to maintain their attention, while others are inattentive but not hyperactive or impulsive.
Children with ADHD frequently are restless and have trouble focusing on topics when they are bored or when they are distracted by things going on around them. These children often move from one task to another but don’t complete any of these tasks or skip steps in the procedures of tasks. Children with ADHD have difficulty organizing their schoolwork and their time. However, when they are engaged in activities or topics that interest them, and when their learning environment is calm and quiet, children with ADHD are able to concentrate and stay on task.
Visual Brand Learning: Visual Support for Students with Dyslexia, Asperger’s, ADHD and ELL English Language Learners
With appropriate visual support and materials, students who have dyslexia, Asperger’s, or ADHD can be extremely successful in academics.
Most students who have dyslexia or ADHD are visual learners. They can learn quickly and much more easily when they are provided with visual images that reinforce language-based materials used in classrooms.
Students with Asperger’s often struggle academically because they are easily distracted, anxious about being in traditional classroom settings, and fixated on their own narrowly focused interests. Research has shown that visual instruction helps these students feel more secure and able to focus on specific learning goals.
All types of students must be given the opportunity to use the unique ways in which they actually do and can learn. They need flashcards with photos, charts, maps, color coding, and other visual aids that supplement the subject matter being taught in their schools. Visual Brand Flashcards were developed specifically with these needs in mind, so that all types of visual learners can understand science and social studies subject matter in the ways that these students learn best.
Needs of Students with Dyslexia, Asperger’s, and ADHD
An estimated 15 to 20 percent of the U.S. population has dyslexia. About 11 percent of school-age children were diagnosed as having ADHD in 2013, and this percentage has continued to increase. Statistics for those with Asperger’s are very difficult to determine because of its complex relationship with autism.
Proficient reading skills are essential for learning. The ever-increasing and urgent need for all students in the United States to obtain better education in literacy and subjects requiring high levels of literacy is widely recognized. This means that more and more students who have dyslexia, Asperger’s, and ADHD must have extra help and support in acquiring knowledge based on their individual ways of learning. Whatever learning difficulties students have, they ultimately must be able to read skillfully, use proper spelling and grammar, and express their thoughts clearly and logically in written forms.