[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text]Reading comprehension and understanding is often challenging for ADHD students (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). In order to understand their reading material, students with ADHD must be able to identify and break-down the words. Reading understanding requires students to effectively use their working memory and process the information in an efficient manner. Because children with ADHD often struggle in these areas, understanding what they are reading can be difficult. Fortunately, there are several strategies ADHD students can use to improve their reading skills.
Eliminate Distractions & Stay Focused
It is essential for outside distractions to be minimal. It is difficult to read and understand what is being read when there are outside distractions, such as the television, music or the computer. Allowing ADHD students to read in small chunks of time, take breaks and move around will help them to refocus and have a better grasp of what they are reading.
When reading something difficult, students often need to read and reread a paragraph and may still struggle with understanding what they have read. Instead of encouraging students to read an entire paragraph, students should skim over the entire story or flip through the book in order to get an idea of the plot and the main characters. This will give them a better idea of what to focus on and encourage closer reading, which in turn will help in understanding what is being read.
Use a Study Guide
While reading, write questions in the margin and highlight important ideas or concepts and underline all things that are interesting. Write a summary that is only a few sentences in length at the bottom of each page of the textbook, which will allow students to go back and get things that have been missed or that is interfering with understanding the following paragraphs. Use all notes, underlining’s and summary’s to compare information to the study guide (also write questions, information in the study guide). Carefully read all information in the study guide and visualize what is being read. Visual study guides work great during this part of the process.
By using the study guide combined with the notes in the text, students will be able to break down large chunks of information into smaller amounts of information, which will make it easier to understand what was read; what the story or information was about. In many situations it is easier for ADHD students to gather small amounts of information from the text and build the study guide information in small sections as opposed to doing all of the text work and then working in their study guide.[/vc_column_text][vc_video link=”https://youtu.be/V_Q2hn7Gc2Q”][vc_column_text]