Agriculture of the Sumerians

February 11, 2018

SumeriansAgriculture of the Sumerians began agriculture around 10,000 years ago. They inhabited in the Fertile Crescent which is now part of the Near East. The Fertile Crescent is a land of good soil and good climate where there are many wild plants and animals. The Sumerians soon learned how to domesticate them. They shifted from hunting-gathering to farming and sedentary living.

Some of the plants which are abundant in the Sumerians are beans, peas, wheat, and barley. The advantage with these plants is that they don’t need to be planted individually. They just throw their seeds in the fields and they grow.  The presence of large mammals also contributed to the successful agriculture. Oxen, which were attached to plows, helped the farmers to till the land. They were also able to domesticate pigs, goats, sheep, and cattle. Donkeys, meanwhile, were attached to carts and helped farmers to transport the crops.

Like all the other early civilizations of Mesopotamia, they flourished near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The Sumerians were the first ones to establish irrigation on a large scale. They made canals, dikes, and ditches to ensure that their crops have enough water. When the flood season of the rivers is over, the farmers drain excess water through canals.

Afterwards, they plow the fields and rake it repeatedly. The Sumerians planted in spring and by fall, they begin to harvest. They developed tools such as pickaxes, wagons, and sleds to help them in the process.

The grains and peas that the Sumerians were able to harvest can last for a year. What they do to the crops is to dry and preserve them, so they could be stored. Unlike potatoes or corn, the indigenous plants of the Fertile Crescent don’t rot. The Sumerians developed pottery for food storage. The result of this successful food production is that the Sumerians increased in population and began to build a complex society with many legacies.

Visual Brand Learning offers Ancient Civilization individuals study guides on Kindle. Ancient China, Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley, and Sumerians, are all available on Kindle for $2.99. You can also receive  2  topics together on Kindle for just $3.99.  Ancient China and Ancient Egypt are available in another in one set, and Indus Valley and Sumerians are available in another set. .Check us out on Amazon for other Visual products on www.visualbrandlearning.com.

MEMBERSHIP BENEFITS

Visual Brand Learning also offers Annual memberships for only $25.00 that are valid for one year from the date of purchase. You can enjoy 365 days of accessing over 400 individual study cards that are available online and printable study guides. We also offer many resources for Visual Learners their parents and teachers such as interactive Maps for Common Core and Dyslexia. We also provide information on videos, books, articles and Professional Organizations related to all Visual Learners. Check out our website at  www.visualbrandlearning.com

  • Sign up for our newsletter HERE and you will receive a FREE print and online version of the best-selling astronomy study guide!
  • Try our new Sumerians flip cards below.

Sumerians

Click to Flip

Surplus

Click to Flip